World War II museum
World War II museum Normandy
   
  D-Day Normandy 1944

Welcome

Located at a stones throw from the beach and the Ferry terminal, the Atlantic Wall Museum is inside the old German headquarter which was in charge of the batteries covering the entrance of the river Orne and the canal. The 52ft high concrete tower has been fully restaured to make it look how it was on the 6th of june 1944.

You will discover on the Grand Bunker's six floors all its inner rooms, which have been recreated down to the last detail: generator room, gas filters room, casemate with machine gun protecting the entrance, dormitory, medical store, sick bay, armoury, ammunition store, radio transmission room, telephone switchboard, observation post equipped with a powerful range-finder and on the top floor a 360° view over Sword Beach.

You will also be able to see many photographs and documents concerning the construction of the Atlantic wall, the artillery, the beach defences, observation, etc. A souvenir of the assault and shock troops specially trained for OVERLORD operation to attack the Atlantic Wall, and the everyday life of the Germany Army soldiers.

The Grand Bunker at Ouistreham
Located at a stones throw from the beach and the Ferry terminal, the Atlantic Wall Museum is inside the old German headquarter which was in charge of the batteries covering the entrance of the river Orne and the canal. The 52ft high concrete tower has been fully restaured to make it look how it was on the 6th of june 1944.

A pocket of German resistance
On six june, intrigued by this unforeseen obstacle, the Franco British Commandos attemped to approach the tower, but were repulsed by machine-gun fire and stick- grenades being thrown from the top. They were content to skirt the bunker, which remained a permanent threat during the following days.

The capture of the Grand Bunker
On 9 june, lieutenant Bob Orrell of Royal Engineers, 91Field Company R.E., 3rd Beach Group, 3rd Canadien Div., 2nd British Army, was given orders to invest the large Bunker. Accompagnied by three men, he placed two explosive charges one after the other to blow up armour-placed door. Altoghether it took them four hours to break it open! The garnison of two officers and fifty men then surrenderedand the liberation of Ouistreham was complete. The set of defensive works at Ouistreham shows the scate of construction work involved in the building of the Atlantic Wall.

D-Day Normandy 1944

Museum Adress

Le Grand Bunker
Musée du mur de l'Atlantique

Avenue du 6 juin
14150 Ouistreham


Tel : +33 (0)2 31 97 28 69
Fax : +33 (0)2 31 96 66 05
E-mail : museegrandbunker@sfr.fr

Opening Times

World War 2 museum Normandy
Come and discover the "Grand Bunker - Atlantic Wall Museum" at Ouistreham, a unique site in the history of the region under the German occupation. You will find a rich collection of objects, weapons, clothing and photographs of the German, US and British Armies, etc. You will discover how life was organised in this impressive tower of concrete and steel, as well as the conditions under which it was taken by the British Army in June 1944.

The museum is open every day

- 10 Am to 6Pm from February 1 until december 31
- 9 Am to 7Pm from april 1 until September 30 nd

For group open upon request every day

Free Parking

Tariffs of the Museum

World War two museum Normandy
Come and discover the "Grand Bunker - Atlantic Wall Museum" at Ouistreham, a unique site in the history of the region under the German occupation. You will find a rich collection of objects, weapons, clothing and photographs of the German, US and British Armies, etc. You will discover how life was organised in this impressive tower of concrete and steel, as well as the conditions under which it was taken by the British Army in June 1944.

Tariffs
Entrance : 7,00€
Children from 6 to 12 years : 5,00€
Normandy pass : 6€

Groups tariffs:
Adults: 5,00€
Students from 6 to 12 years: 3,50€
Students from 13 years and over: 4,30€

Reservation form
- Download our reservation form 2013
- Download our reservation form 2014

English Questionnaire
- Download our questionnaire in english
- Download our questionnaire in english with answers

The Museum takes part in Normandy PASS

The Shop

World War II museum Normandy
The Shop of the Museum proposes with the sale:
    - works specialized on the Second World war.
    - memories of D.Day.

Access Plan

Museum Normandy D day

The Grand Bunker Atlantic Wall museum The Grand Bunker, is locat at Ouistreham, half way between Deauville and Caen.

Your itinerary with via google map:


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Virtual visit of the museum of the atlantik wall

Click here for a virtual visit of the museum.

The assault on Sword Beach

D Day museum Normandy

0720 hours: The flails of the 22nd Dragoons (79th Armoured Division) are the first ashore, accompanied by teams of sappers. The DD (Duplex Drive) tanks of Squadrons A and B of the 13/18 Hussars are delayed and even in some cases overtaken by the LCTs (Landing Craft, Tank) bringing the AVRE (Armoured Vehicles, Royal Engineers) tanks of the 5th Assault Regiment (RE) whose first units arrive at 0725 hours. The German defences are immediately engaged while the sappers start to clear the beach. There is still no breach inland and the infantry cross the beach then shelter behind the dunes or the wall running parallel to Sword Beach in places. 0730 hours: twenty LCAs (Landing Craft, Assault) bring the assault companies; to the west, on Queen White, companies A and C of the 1st South Lancashire; to the east, on Queen Red, companies A and C of the 2nd East Yorkshire, but all are tied down at the top of the beach behind the anti-tank wall. A flail tank knocks out a 75 mm gun which has just caused the loss of 200 men from the East Yorkshire Regiment. The other companies of the two assault battalions and the two LCIs (Landing Craft, Infantry) transporting the French troops of No. 4 Commando land at 0731 hours. No.4 Commando breaks through the barbed wire defences after running across the beach. At around 0930 hours in Ouistreham the French take the Casino, converted into a bunker. At 1000 hours, the men of No. 4 Commando reach the locks. Most of the 1st Special Service Brigade continue towards the south along the canal from Caen to the sea. At about 1300 hours, Lord Lovat, accompanied by the piper Bill Millin and French commandos followed by other commandos of the Brigade, reach Bénouville Bridge, later renamed Pegasus Bridge, and Major Howard's forces. They had managed to join up with the airborne bridgehead. Mission accomplished.

Juno Beach

World War II museum Normandy

On 6 June 1944, the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division has to land on a vast beach sector: Juno Beach. The 7th Brigade will land in the west, at Graye and Courseulles and the 8th Brigade in the east at Bernières and Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer. To the east of the Juno sector the 8th Brigade will attack along two axes. The French Canadians of La Chaudière Regiment and the Queen’s Own Rifles will land at Bernières-sur-Mer. In the east, the North Shore Regiment will land at Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer supported by the Fort Garry Horse amphibious tanks. Courseulles is the most heavily fortified German position that the Canadian troops of the 3rd Division must attack on 6 June 1944. The bunkers sheltered a dozen or so anti-tank guns, mortars and machine gun nests. They are held by infantrymen and gunners of the 736th Regiment of General Richter's 716th Infantry Division. 7th Brigade casualties, on 6 June, at Courseulles: casualties in the Regina Rifles: 108 including 42 killed, casualties in the Royal Winnipeg Rifles: 128 including 55 killed, 6th Armoured Regiment: 43 including 20 killed, 1st Canadian Scottish Regiment 87 including 21 killed, field artillery: 34 including 11 killed, 6th Company Canadian Engineers: 26 including 11 killed, other Canadian units: 29 including 9 killed.

Gold Beach

Bunker museum Normandy

Gold Beach stretches for sixteen kilometres (10 miles), but its entire western section consists of cliffs overlooking the sea. This sector forms a bay, however, where an artificial Mulberry harbour will be installed, and a landing port, Port-en-Bessin. These are therefore important objectives which will be taken from the only beaches available, at Asnelles (Jig Beach) and Ver-sur-Mer (King Beach), the main objective on the evening of D-Day being the town of Bayeux, a major crossroads. The landing will be made by Major-General Graham's considerably reinforced 50th Northumbrian Division. On the evening of D-Day, 25 000 men will have landed on these two beaches. The initial assault will be made with two infantry brigades (exceptionally, the division has four brigades for D-Day). In the East, on King Beach, the 69th Infantry Brigade will commit the 6th Green Howards and the 5th East Yorkshire. In the west on Jig Green (east of Asnelles), the 231st Infantry Brigade will commit the 1st Hampshire, near Les Roquettes (attacked by the 1st Dorset) to take Wn 36 then cut across towards Le Hamel and Wn 37 installed in the coastal side of Asnelles. An artillery battle with the Longues battery While Force G approaches the coast, however, in the west of the sector, the Longues battery (Wn 48,4./HKAA 1260) opens fire on the allied fleet at 0605 hours, even through it has been under fire from the French cruiser Georges Leygues since 0537 hours then from the USS Arkansas. It fired back on the destroyer US Emmons then on the French cruiser Montcalm. Force G now offers a larger number of targets and the battery threatens the command ship, HMS Bulolo, which is forced to raise anchor and fall back. HMS Ajax then attacks the battery, starting a dual at a distance of 11 000 metres, before the battery ceases firing at 0620 hours. At 0700 hours, however, it resumes fire, this time against the Americans landing on Omaha Beach. The cruiser HMS Ajax and the destroyer HMS Argonaut join forces to put it out of action, and three of the four 6 inch guns are knocked out. The last gun will continue to fire on the ships and the landing beaches until 1700 hours.

Omaha Beach

Bunker museum Normandy

The 2nd Ranger Battalion at the Pointe-du-Hoc Lieutenant-Colonel Rudder and his 224 Rangers are tossed about in their 12 LCAs and the 4 DUKWs carrying them to the shore; objective the Pointe-du-Hoc. The 5th Rangers must follow Rudder's men as soon as the Pointe is taken; they wait for a signal. If nothing happens by 0700 hours, the battalion will be directed towards Omaha. In spite of the shelling, the Rangers know that the 150 gunners of the 1. /1260 battery are waiting for them… the battery, perched at the top of a cliff, must be taken: the six 155 guns can seriously disrupt the Omaha and Utah landings. In spite of several bombardments in April and May, the general staff remains convinced that it is a major threat in this sector. 0710 hours, the first Rangers set foot on the shingle beach at the bottom of the cliff. They are strafed by machine gun fire. Less than 5 minutes after the assault, the first men are at the top; their mission is to find the guns and destroy them. The Rangers advance carefully, in an apocalyptic landscape: everything is blown up, edges, trenches, the position is heavily cratered by aerial bombardment, snipers are everywhere, 36 Rangers leave the Pointe and move inland. They reach the coast road at about 0800 hours, at a cost of 15 casualties; Victims of snipers or the artillery. A dozen Rangers from F company arrive. At about 0900 hours, five guns are discovered, down a small lane, south of the road. Only two are destroyed. Shortly afterwards, another patrol arrives and destroys the remaining guns. The Rangers are fighting on the site of the battery, the Germans recover from their confusion and regroup, creep amongst the American positions, the Landser are everywhere. The groups of Rudder's men are dispersed and the fighting is fierce. There is only one line of defence of about fifty Rangers, just south of the coast road. The others are fighting in total confusion. In the morning, a handful of parachutists released by mistake near the Pointe joins the defensive perimeter. On June 7 in the morning, a platoon of the 5th Rangers arrives, after crossing the enemy lines. In the afternoon, an LCVP will bring about thirty men and food supplies. Yielding under the counter-attacks, all Rangers have pulled back to the Pointe. On June 8, 77 men of the 2nd Rangers have been killed; only 120 men are still fit for duty.

Utah Beach

World War II museum Normandy

The airborne divisions have to cover the north and south flanks of the assault area, securing the beach exits, capture three bridges over the river Douve and the river Merderet and take the important crossroads at Sainte-Mère-Eglise. The 4th Infantry Division landing on Utah has to establish a bridgehead then attack towards Cherbourg with the 90th Infantry Division. The 9th Infantry Division will land on D-Day + 4 and take the north-west area of the Cotentin; the 79th Infantry Division planned to land on D-Day + 8 will remain at the disposal of the Corps. The Defences Along the beach, an anti-tank wall runs parallel to the dune; it is never more than a metre high. An American report ("Report by the Allied Naval Commander in chief expeditionary force on operation Neptune-1944 vol. l annex B1: intelligence) indicates that the armament of the strongpoints on Utah Beach, included: - 2 positions for guns of 75 mm or more (5 listed in the Report on German…1944) - 9 guns of 75 mm or more in casemates (same total for the Report on German concrete fortifications) - 14 anti-tank guns of 37 mm to 75 mm - 65 machine gun positions (compared with about 85 at Omaha) - 25 bunkers housing machine guns or guns of 47 to 50 mm. No mortars were recorded on this list: like at Omaha however, light mortars were probably brought up from the rear during the first assaults (the US report quotes a figure of 8 mortars for Omaha; we can in fact estimate that on the morning of D-Day there were about 12 mortars of 50 to 81 mm. The Landing 0545 hours, the landing fleet approaches the coast. The warships of the bombardment group of Task Force 125 begin firing on the German shore batteries. A few minutes later 276 Marauders of the Ninth Air Force drop 4404 250-pound bombs on 7 objectives. The effect is devastating. The strongpoints are badly hit, all the telephone lines between the German strongpoints are cut. 0620 to 0640 hours, P-47s fire rockets on the positions to neutralise them completely, 0640 hours, twenty LCVPs in the first wave, about 300 metres from the beach, the company commanders fired special smoke projectiles to request the fleet to extend their fire. The 237th Engineer Battalion clears the beach and opens breaches in the anti-tank wall. Everything is cleared within one hour. At 0800 hours, the 8th Infantry Regiment and the 3rd Battalion of the 22nd have completed their landing. The remainder of this second Regiment will have landed by 1000 hours. The Conclusion In this sector, the main objectives of the 7th Corps have been reached. The landing was a success with moderate casualties: the 4th Division as a whole suffered only 197 casualties, including 60 men missing. Out of this total, the two main regiments engaged, the 8th and 22d Infantry Regiments suffered a total of 118 casualties on D-Day, 12 of them fatalities.

Links

World War II museum Normandy

Web : Conseil Régional de la Basse-Normandie
Web : Conseil Général du Calvados
Web : Préfecture du Calvados
Web : Archives Départementales du Calvados
Web : La Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie du Calvados
Web : Chambre des Métiers du Calvados
Web : La Chambre d'Agriculture du Calvados
Web : Comité Départemental du Tourisme du Calvados

Web : Côte de Nacre Tourisme
Web : Office de Tourisme de Caen
Web : Office de Tourisme d'Arromanches
Web : Office de Tourisme de Colleville Montgomery
Web : Office de Tourisme de Deauville
Web : Office de Tourisme de Honfleur
Web : Office de Tourisme de Ouistreham
Web : Office de Tourisme de Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer
Web : Office de Tourisme de Courseulles-sur-Mer
Web : Office de Tourisme de Hermanville-sur-Mer

Web : Le Grand Blockhaus : Musée de la Poche de Saint-Nazaire
Web : Mémorial de la Liberté retrouvée
Web : Musée D-Day OMAHA
Web : Musée Airborne
Web : Musée de la Batterie de Merville
Web : Dead's Man Corner Museum
Web : Musée du Débarquement d'Utah Beach
Web : Musée de la Batterie de Crisbecq
Web : Musée de la Batterie d'Azeville
Web : Musée de la Cité de la Mer
Web : Musée de la Cité de la Mer

Web : Stays between Argentina
Web : The ferries of LD Lines
Web : Customized travel
Web : Chili travels
Web : Stays between Bresil
Web : Africa travels
Web : Safaris Afrique du sud
Web : Costa Rica travels
Web : Tanzanie safari

World War II museum Normandy
World War II museum Normandy
World War II museum Normandy
World War II museum Normandy